When you come on the Original Daily Walking tour with “Frankfurt on Foot” (temporarily closed until 15 Feb. 2021.) one of our stops is the Jewish Holocaust Remembrance Wall and stops at various locations of the Stumble Stones (Stolperstein). There are more Memorials in the city to other groups who were persecuted and killed.
– The Jewish Holocaust Remembrance Wall is located next to the Judengasse Museum and surrounds the medieval Jewish cemetery. There are about 12,000 names on the wall, all in alphabetical order. The city library near the Klein Markt Halle has the deportation lists available. Anne Frank and her sister Margot, are on this wall since they were born in Frankfurt. Their mother, Edith Frank, is also included. The fact that none of these people have a personal grave or gravestone makes it so important that their names be remembered, and that families actually have a spot where they can come, grieve and pay their respects.
– Homosexual Holocaust Memorial. This is located about a block behind the Karstadt department store and the Zeil. It is a beautiful angel that has had its neck broken and then reattached and had its wings clipped. The Nazis believed that Homosexuals were broken and needed to be “fixed”, so the sculptor did this on purpose.
– Jehovah’s Witness Memorial. Frankfurt deported around 150 Jehovah’s Witnesses and 15 of them died in concentration camps. Location is Rohrbach Str. 56. The first 2 Stumble Stones for the Jehovah’s Witnesses that died, were installed in Frankfurt in 2014. The memorial is of 2 hands holding a loaf of bread to commemorate a Jehovah’s Witness baker who continued to sell bread to Jews even after this was forbidden by the nazis. He was then deported but survived. He wasn’t released until the war was over and by then was in ill health and had lost his entire business.
– Roma & Sinti Memorials. There are several of these around the city as Frankfurt had one of the largest Roma & Sinti populations in Germany. Visit the main cemetery, Hauptfriedhof, near the war memorial and war graves, as well as a plaque on the wall of Margarete restaurant on Braubach Str. as this was once the Health Dept.
– Slave Laborers Memorial. The city cemetery, Hauptfriedhof, has a memorial section built to honor those who died in the T-4 Program, and the thousands of slave laborers and POWs who lost their lives here in Frankfurt, due to starvation, death marches and bombs. There is an additional section for the mass grave of the slave laborers who were working at Adlerwerk. We visit these Memorials during our Cemetery Tour.
– Deportation Memorial. The location is at the new ECB in the east end of the city. The long brick building next to the ECB was once the wholesale produce hall of Frankfurt. The Gestapo rented out the basement and this is where they processed the Jewish population before deporting them. Most of the Memorial is outside and consists of eyewitness quotes chiseled into the sidewalk, a ramp into the basement (only open for tours from the Jewish Museum) and the tracks used for the trains. Climb the RR bridge to see them. On the bridge near the steps, is a translation of all of the quotes.
– Stolper Stein (Stumble Stones). There are now over 1500 of these brass cobblestones installed in Frankfurt, with over 80,000 installed in 25 countries. These stones commemorate those who were murdered by the Nazis, whether they were Jewish, Homosexual, Socialist, Communist, Jehovah’s Witness, Roma, Sinti, or very Handicapped. We stop by these during our daily walking tour.
Please see the link for more information about locations in Frankfurt and the Stolperstein project.
Stumble Stones in Frankfurt
We can include any of these Memorials on your private or Layover tour if you would like to visit them.